Birds of Sweet Arrow Lake 
* denotes "seen during migration" 
Italics denotes "threatened"
Bold denotes "endangered"

Scientific Name-- Common Name 

Anas rubripes-- American Black Duck 

Fulica america --American Coot 

Corvus brachyrhynchos --American Crow 

Spizella arborea-- American Tree Sparrow 

Carduelis tristis-- American Goldfinch 

Turdus migratorius-- American Robin

Icterus galbula-- Baltimore Oriole 

Ceryle alcyon --Belted Kingfisher 

Poecile atricapillus -- Black-Capped Chickadee 

Dendroica caerulescens --Black-Throated Green Warbler 

Melanitta nigra-- Black Scoter 

Sialia sialis-- Bluebird 

Cyanocitta cristata-- Blue Jay 

Polioptila caerulea-- Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher 

Colinus virginianus --Bobwhite 

Euphagus cyanocephalus-- Brewer's Blackbird 

Certhia americana --Brown Creeper 

Brown Headed Cowbird-- Brown-Headed Cowbird 

Toxostoma rufum--  Brown Thrasher 

Bucephala albeola-- Bufflehead Duck 

Branta canadensis-- Canada Goose 

Thryothorus ludovicianus --Carolina Wren 

Dumetella carolinensis --Catbird 

Bombycilla cedrorum-- Cedar Waxwing 

Dendroica pensylvanica --Chestnut-Sided Warbler 

Spizella passerina -- Chirping Sparrow 

Gavia immer-- Common Loon* 

Mergus merganser -- Common Merganser*  

Corvus corax-- Common Raven 

Phalacrocorax auritus --Double Crested Cormorant* 

Picoides pubescens --Downy Woodpecker 

Sayornis phoebe --Eastern Phoebe 

Otus asio-- Eastern Screech Owl 

Sturnus vulgaris --European Starling 

Coccothraustes vespertinus-- Evening Grosbeak 

Spizella pusilla-- Field Sparrow  

Passerella iliaca -- Fox Sparrow 

Anas strepera-- Gadwall 

Regulus satrapa-- Golden Crowned Kinglet 

Quiscalus quiscula-- Grackle 

Ardea herodias --Great Blue Heron 

Myiarchus Great-- Crested Flycatcher 

Bubo virginianus-- Great Horned Owl 

Ardea alba Great --White Egret 

Tringa melanoleuca -- Greater Yellowlegs

Butorides virescens --Green Heron*

Picoides villosus --Hairy Woodpecker 

Catharus guttatus-- Hermit Thrush 

Larus argentatus --Herring Gull* 

Lophodytes cucullatus -- Hooded Merganser 

Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch 
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting 
Junco hyemalis Junco 
Falco sparverius Kestrel 
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer 
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs 
Dendroica magnolia  Magnolia Warbler  
Anas Platyrhynchos Mallard Duck 
Mimus polyglottos  Mockingbird  
Zenaida macroura  Mourning Dove  
Cygnus olor  Mute Swan  
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal 
Colaptes cafer Northern Flicker 
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier  
Stelgidopteryx serripennis  Northern Rough-Winged Swallow 
Sitta carolinensis  Nuthatch  
Pandion haliaetus  Osprey  
Dendroica palmarum  Palm Warbler 
Podilymbus podiceps  Pied-Billed Grebe*  
Catharus guttatus Pileated Woodpecker 
Pinicola enucleator  Pine Grosbeak  
Carduelis pinus Pine Siskin 
Dendroica pinus Pine Warbler 
Carpodacus purpureus Purple Finch  
Mergus serrator Red-Breasted Merganser*  
Buteo jamaicensis Red-Tailed Hawk  
Melanerpes carolinus Red-Bellied Woodpecker  
Sitta canadensis Red-Breasted Nuthatch  
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-Winged Blackbird  
Larus delawarensis  Ring-Billed Gull 
Aythya collaris  Ring-Necked Duck 
Phasianus colchicus Ring-Necked Pheasent 
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-Breasted Grosbeak  
Regulus calendula Ruby-Crowned Kinglet  
Archilochus colubris Ruby-Throated Hummingbird  
Euphagus carolinus Rusty Blackbird 
Tringa solitaria  Solitary Sandpiper  
Melospiza melodia  Song Sparrow  
Actitis macularia  Spotted Sandpiper  
Melospiza georgiana  Swamp Sparrow  
Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow 
Baeolophus bicolor  Tuffted Titmouse  
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture 
Pipilo maculatus  Towhee *  
Cygnus columbianus  Whistling Swan*  
Sitta carolinensis White-Breasted Nuthatch 
Zonotrichia albicollis White-Throated Sparrow 
Loxia leucoptera  White-Winged Crossbill  
Phalaropus tricolor  Wilson's Phalarope*  
Aix sponsa Wood Duck* 
Empidonax flaviventris  Yellow-Bellied Flycatcher  
Sphyrapicus varius  Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker  
Dendroica petechia  Yellow Warbler  
Dendroica coronata Yellow-Rumped Warbler 

Click here to download the Birding Trail Guide.
Featured Birds of Sweet Arrow Lake 
Common Loon​

A visitor to the lake in migration seasons, the common Loon has a larger, longer body and sits noticeably lower in the water than other waterfowl. They are diving birds with stout dagger-like bills and can stay submerged below the surface for long periods catching fish and other aquatic prey. For this reason, they will most likely be seen in the deeper water of the lake. Common Loons are black and white with a checkered back, striped black and white collar, and red eyes. Their call is a falsetto yodel or, at night, a tremulous Ha-oo-oo

Pied-billed Grebe

The Pied-billed Grebe is a cute little duck-like diving water bird that can submerge for very long periods of time and pop up in a different spot than it was previously seen in. It is a frequent visitor to the lake during migration periods and can be found in both deep and shallow water. It is gray-brown in color with a white behind and a black vertical ring around it’s pale beak. 

Ross’s Goose

Ross’s Goose was sighted in 2017. Sightings of this bird are considered rare. It breeds in Canada and winters in the southern US and Mexico. It is similar in appearance to Snow Goose. It is white with black wing tips but is smaller than Snow Goose. The pink bill is stubbier and lacks the black “lip.”

(attached picture was taken at SAL)

Snow Goose

Seen at the lake during migration seasons. A white goose with black wing tips, pink feet and pink bill with black lip. Immature birds are grey with a black bill. Adults can also be in grey phase but can be distinguished from young birds by the pink bill.

Tundra Swan

America’s Native Swan is a very large White bird in the waterfowl family with a long neck and black bill often with a very small yellow spot near the nostril. Occasional migratory visitor to the lake. Can often be heard before it is seen making a beautiful cooing sound.

Double-Crested Cormorant

A large black diving waterbird with slender yellow hooked beak, long neck, and webbed feet. Visits the lake often in migratory seasons but can stray in at other times during the warm weather months. Breeds farther north and is commonly found sitting on rocks along the New England coast. Eats fish and small crustaceans and has a distinct habit, when out of the water, of sitting with its wings spread to dry. Can be seen swimming ducklike on the surface, diving, or perched on rocks or in trees

Eared Grebe

An occasional migratory visitor to the lake in spring and fall, the Eared Grebe is similar in appearance and habits to the Horned Grebe but its predominant coloring is black with a crested black head, golden ear tufts, red eyes, and black neck. Its winter coloring is also similar to Horned Grebe black and white but with a thinner grey neck and more irregular shaped black head cap and grey cheeks.

Horned Grebe

The Horned Grebe is am occasional migratory visitor to Sweet Arrow Lake. It is a ducklike diving bird with a tail-less appearance, distictive golden ear tufts, red eyes, and chestnut neck. It can be found in both deep and shallow water.
Winter coloring – Black and White with a clearly defined black head cap and thin, straight, black bill. 


The ever present Mallard Duck can be found year round at Sweet Arrow. It does breed and raise young at the lake. Familiar to most folks it has a green head, chestnut breast. Grayish body, violet wing patch bordered in white, and a white tail protruding from a black rump. The beak is yellow and the feet are bright orange. It can be found in all areas of the lake and wetlands.


A species that has only been seen a few time during migration seasons at the lake. It is a grey duck with black rump, lighter brown head, and dark beak

American Black Duck

An migratory visitor to Sweet Arrow. The American Black Duck is a marsh duck similar in appearance to female Mallard but can be distinguished by its much yellower beak. The body of the male is overall dark brown with a lighter head and violet wing patch similar to Mallard but lacking a noticeable white edge. Like the Mallard it is a dabbler feeding from the surface of the water in the shallows or on land.